Tsar Bomba (RDS-202) | Most Powerful Bomb Among All

Tsar Bomba is a thousand times powerful than those of dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Tsar Bomba (RDS-202) | Most Powerful Bomb Among All
Tsar Bomba (RDS-202)

Tsar Bomba (RDS-202) | Most Powerful Bomb Among All


Tsar Bomba also is known as RDS-202. Soviet Union scientists created it. Although the Tsar Bomba never exposed to any battlefield but tested several times. And the Soviet Union claims that Tsar is the most powerful bomb until today.


On November 1 at 1952, scientists from the US military department unveiled a new era of destructive warships with the press of a button in the Marshall Islands. The button was a thermal-atomic hydrogen bomber. The destructive power of the bomb was thousands of times higher than the nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The United States set a new record by exploding the bomb. But this record did not last long. Because the nuclear race that America launched with the experimental explosion of their hydrogen bombs spread to other countries involved in the nerve war. The main opposition to the United States was the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union carried out experiments on hydrogen bombs to show the world their capabilities.

Soviet politicians Georgi Malenkov and Nikita Kruschev had a policy - if the opponent cannot be attacked directly, then fear them not to attack you. As part of the USSR's nuclear power strategy, Soviet scientists created the RDS-202, known as the 'Tsar' bomb, to the western world. This is the strongest man-made nuclear bomb ever made. The bomb-making project is given various names at that time. Project 7000, Product V, RDS-202, and nicknames were Big Ivan and Kuzkina Matte. However, after the explosion, the bomb identified as a Tsar bomb. Because the word Tsar uses before the names of many big things in Russia.

In 1954, the work of Project 7000 started in the Soviet Union. Designing such a bomber was not easy. During the nerve war, uranium is the major component of nuclear weapons. With this uranium, usually two-stage thermal atomic bombs could be created. But to make a powerful bomb like the Tsar Bomba, the bomb had to explode at three stages. Yuri Trutnev and Yuri Babayev, scientists of the All-Russian Institute of Experimental Physics, designed the three-stage bomber. The design capability of the bomb estimated to be equal to 50 megaton TNT during design. This was equal to 1570 times the combined force of the bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and more than ten times the combined capacity of all explosives used in World War II.

The name of the test used to produce the bomb was 'Topic-242'. Igor Kurchatov, the director of the Soviet Atomic Bomb Project and Andrei Tupolev, the Russian warship designer of that time, held a secret meeting for the bombing and aircraft that would be used to carry this huge bomb. Tupolev hired Alexander Ndashkevich, his Assistant in the Armed Forces, to submit a report on the matter.

Reports suggest that no payloader of the Soviet Union was capable of carrying the bomb. The largest payload carrier at that time was the Tupolev2-95. The aircraft's engine, fuel tank, bomb disposal, and bomb release mechanism need to redesign, they thought. There was a series of meetings between the cabinet and the military. In 1956, the converted bomber got permission to fly experimental. Colonel SM Kulikov conducted the experimental aviation and issued a Tsar Bomb permit in 1959.

The bomb was about 27 metric tons in weight and length was about eight meters with a width of 2.1 meters. A parachute was specially crafted that will allow the aircraft enough time to move 45 km away from the blast site, which will increase their chance of survival by 50%. After making the parachute, only the parachute’s weight was 8000 kg and the area was 17000 square feet. Despite all the things was good, the bomb blasts postponed for some political reasons until 1961. On 17 October on 1961 in the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev announced the experimental explosion of Tsar Bomb. In that year on 30 October, Major Andrei Duranovtsev drove the Tsar bomb to its destination for the experiment. And successfully the bomb explored. Major Andrei also came back safely.

The blast wave pushed the To-95V aircraft to a distance of 115 km and floated 1 km into the atmosphere, but there was no damage on the aircraft. And the shock wave of the explosion lifts an 8 kilometer-long fireball about ten thousand feet high, with flashes visible about a thousand kilometers away. The mushroom-shaped cloud created by the explosion reaches seven times the height of Everest, that is, into the mesosphere. The front of this cloud extends about 5 km. The impact of the explosion in the surrounding area was devastating. About 55 km from the test site, all the timber and stone houses, and installations of Severi Island are destroyed. Although the island was already deserted.

The explosion happens above 4km high from the ground although the shock wave made an earthquake in 4-4.35 scale, which was powerful even after circling the globe about three times.