Truth behind Mars habitat project: Is it really possible to live on Mars?
After the lunar conquest, people have been relentlessly trying to trace other nearby planets. In the eighties, the Soviet Union and the US space agency successfully landed spacecraft on Mars several times.
After the lunar conquest, people have been relentlessly trying to trace other nearby planets. In the eighties, the Soviet Union and the US space agency successfully landed spacecraft on Mars several times. Soon after, scientists began working on a new venture to implement a plan to build habitable habitats on Mars outside of Earth.
Now the question is, why did astronomers choose Mars for this? Is it possible to habitat Mars? Because Mars is considered to be the only 'twin brother' in the solar system. This planet has an Earth-like crust. There are innumerable moats like the moon in the earth's crust. There are volcanoes, deserts, and polar ice. So, the scientists began working on new ventures. Made a spacecraft capable of carrying people to Mars. Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX, the world's largest private space research organization, hopes that by the middle of this century, man's dream of settling on Mars will come true. But is that really so?
The real challenge is to survive the hostile climate of Mars, known as the 'Red Planet'. If sent to Mars, you will die of cancer in a few days due to the intense radioactivity of this planet. Not only that, the weather on Mars is much colder than in the Antarctic region, and there is also an excessive amount of carbon dioxide in the air of Mars. And Since the atmospheric pressure on Mars is very low, your blood Will start to boil due to the effect of the outside temperature. So no human will be able to survive long after landing on this planet. Understandably, building a settlement on Mars is not an easy task.
According to Pascal Lee Senior Planetary Scientist at the California Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute, after setting foot on Mars, you will freeze to death before any other reaction occurs. He added that the Earth's environment and magnetic field are naturally habitable by humans. But there is no such thing on Mars. So if you want to live on Mars, you have to create an artificial environment. It is also necessary to provide the necessary oxygen and water to survive there. And to survive the toxic weather on Mars, you have to create a separate cover around the artificial greenhouse.
However, many do not see these as major obstacles. But before human settlement on Mars, a complete security system has to be created, there is no alternative.
Hopefully, it is right now that preparations are underway to build infrastructure on Mars. Research has not stopped. Paul Oster, the chief engineer of the Mars Development Project, said: "We are working to develop technology that allows astronauts on Mars to build infrastructure while sitting inside the starship."
The idea of sitting inside a spaceship and working outside is not new. Founded in 1997, the Mars Society is working on the human settlement on Mars. They have almost the same plan. There will be small tent-like camps for astronauts and engineers sent to Mars to build infrastructure. The camps will be adjacent to each other. From there they will manage all the work of building the infrastructure. They claim that people will set foot on Mars by 2030 and that it will take about 10 years for the infrastructure to be built. According to them, by 2040, humans will settle on Mars as the second planet outside the Earth.
Jim Logan, a former NASA physician, said that if habitation was built about 9 feet below the surface of Mars, the amount of radioactivity would be greatly reduced. Other surface hazards such as solar storms can also be relieved. In this case, the mouth of the old volcano or underground caves may be the ideal place. However, it is not enough to just create a housing system. Necessary water, food, fuel, and other raw materials must also be kept in mind. In this regard, astronaut Stephen Petrenek writes in How You Will Live on Mars: "In the beginning, for many years, all the materials for Mars have to be supplied from the earth."
The hope is that water has been found on Mars. Researchers have also found water particles in the air. They also think that a significant amount of water will be available under the snow-covered areas. A clough, eight times longer and four times deeper than our Grand Canyon has been found on Mars named 'Valles Marineris. This place has been placed at the top of the list for human habitation on Mars.
Elon Musk and others working on housing on Mars are now focusing on building the life support systems needed to survive on Mars. Long-term plans are being made and the implementation of them is in full swing. However, the 'Bubble City' model is getting priority. The model looks a lot like this - a special cover outside an entire city built on Mars will protect the city from the hostile environment and radiation of Mars. And the weather inside this city will be favorable to the world. Now waiting for the dream to come true.