Let’s find out the history of antibiotics timeline
Today's article is all about the development of antibiotic medicine after penicillin. Let’s hop into the history of antibiotics timeline.
If any part of the body is cut, injured, or burnt, it becomes much easier for the disease germs to attack the wound. This condition is called infection. Antibiotics are the most reliable treatment for infections in the world today. Let’s know the History of the antibiotics timeline.
Before the last century, people did not know that the main cause of these infections is bacteria. That's why people don't sit down to prevent infection. People from different regions used to treat the infection in different ways.
In ancient times, people used to treat various infections with the extract of various fungi and leaves of the plant. The ancient Egyptians treated infected bread with a dirty umbrella.
In Sumerian civilization, physicians used tortoise shells and snakeskin as antidotes. And the Babylonians used a special medicine made from frog bile and sour yogurt to help with eye infections. In the case of the Chinese, it has been found that they used soybean seeds to treat fungal infections.
Greeks and Indians have used fungi and various plants to treat wound infections. The Russians used warm soil at the site of the injury.
The push of antibiotics into the bacterial realm-- History of antibiotics timeline
In today's unimaginable age of medicine and drug discovery, the bacterium that people despise, the disease caused by that bacterium before the twentieth century, has caused millions of people to die in the developed countries themselves. There are many such examples in history.
The discovery of antibiotics has made the treatment of infectious diseases much easier. However, this antibiotic did not come into human hands overnight.
Before that, of course, let me tell you what antibiotics are. Antibiotics are biochemicals derived from a variety of microorganisms that inhibit or kill the growth of bacteria that are harmful to the body.
Needless to say, antibiotics are the only effective weapon against bacterial infections. It is not effective at all in cases of viral diseases.
History of antibiotic discovery
In the early nineteenth century, scientists began to observe the activity of antibacterial cryonic. German physiologist Paul Erick found that some bacteria could not survive in the presence of certain chemicals.
And at this time other cells of the body are not being damaged so much. He finally came to the conclusion that some chemicals are capable of killing harmful bacteria without destroying any cells in the body. In 1909, without any harm to the body, he was able to kill the bacteria responsible for syphilis by applying a chemical called argentamine.
And this is where the journey of modern antibiotics begins. And Erick declared himself the father of modern chemotherapy. But for the first time in thirty years, the word antibiotic was used. Selman Waxman, a researcher, and microbiologist of Ukrainian-American descent discovered more than 20 antibiotics in his lifetime.
But when it comes to antibiotics, the man who has to be brought up is Alexander Fleming. "I did not invent penicillin, but nature did. It's just my accidental discovery. "This was Alexander Fleming's simple confession.
One afternoon in 1928, while vacationing in Suffolk, Fleming returned to his lab. The Staphylococcus bacteria left in the lab he accidentally left on an open plate. And an unknown fungus has built a nest on it so that there are no more traces of bacteria. We are in the middle of the History of antibiotics timeline.
Fleming named it penicillin. It was later discovered that it was a fungus called penicillin antiatom. Fleming then re-cultivated the penicillin fungus in a completely separate location and found success.
The British pharmaceutical company then saw the results of the application on volunteers and made sure that the production and use of large amounts of penicillin did not cause any harm to the body.
Although the discovery of penicillin could save people from incurable bacterial diseases at the time, scientists did not pay much attention to Fleming's discovery in later times due to its limited production.
In 1940, Howard Flory and Ernest Chain, two British scientists at Oxford University, paved the way for the commercial production of penicillin by inventing the process of penicillin refining and condensation.
A fire in Boston, Massachusetts, has killed at least 500 people and injured dozens more. At that time, penicillin was applied for the first time in the case of Staphylococcus bacterial infection in the skin of the injured and it had unexpected success.
Penicillin became popular all over the world by 1944. At the same time, European countries began using penicillin extensively on battlefields and in hospitals. In 1945, Howard Flory and Ernest Chain, together with Alexander Fleming, won the Nobel Prize in recognition of this remarkable discovery in medicine.
World War II came in between. It is very common for the wounded in such a horrible war to fall into the lap of death as a result of bacterial infection. Penicillin was used to help end the condition. But the huge cost of World War II made it difficult for Britain to bear the cost of antibiotic research and production.
In this situation of the History of antibiotics timeline, the announcement of allocation of funds by the US government for its development has played a very helpful role in the development of penicillin. Instead of the British 'flask' system, they multiplied production in their own factories with heavy machinery.
One of the bloodiest wars in history, World War II saw a large number of casualties. During that time, penicillin became known as The Wonder Drug, helping to save many lives.
Excessive use of anything is not good. At present, antibiotic resistance has developed in the human body due to excessive and excessive use of antibiotics without the approval and advice of doctors.
This means that a very small number of germs survive because the medicine is not taken in the right amount throughout the time. He learns how to fight antibiotics after learning the disease germs.
As a result of the subsequent infection in the body, the antibiotic is no longer effective in the body. There are many such examples nowadays. So it is important for us to take care of taking antibiotics as advised by the doctors. In the end, it is our welfare for that History of antibiotics timeline.