Four Fundamental Forces of Nature
Strong nuclear energy, known as strong nuclear interaction, is the most powerful of the four fundamental forces of nature.
These four fundamental forces control all the interactions of nature
The forces of nature that we feel every day (and many that we do not realize every day) can be equipped with four fundamental forces:
2. The weak force
4. The strong force
These four basic forces of nature govern everything that happens in the universe
Fundamental forces of nature: Gravity
Gravity is the mass or force in the space between two objects, whether a rock is thrown from a bridge or a planet orbiting a star, such as a moon, creates tides. Gravity is probably the most well-known and well-known of the four basic forces of nature, but explaining it is always a challenging one.
Isaac Newton first proposed the concept of gravity, the idea is inspired by reading an apple from a tree. He described gravity as a literal attraction between two objects. Centuries later, Albert Einstein suggested through his general theory of relativity that gravity is not an attraction or a force. Instead, it is a consequence of the object in space-time. How a large object placed in the middle of a sheet that does some of the work of a large object space-time affects that element, distorts it, and other small objects in the sheet fall to the middle.
Although gravity holds planets, stars, the solar system, and even galaxies together. It becomes weak when considered in terms of other fundamental forces such as molecular and atomic energy. Thinking about how difficult it is to lift the ball from the ground? Or to lift the legs? Or to jump? All these actions have resisted the gravity of the whole earth. On the molecular and atomic scales, gravity does not affect compared to other fundamental forces.
Fundamental forces of nature: The weak force
The weak force, called weak nuclear interaction, is responsible for particle decay. It is a literal change of a kind of subatomic particle. For example, a neutrino or a neutron can turn a neutron into a proton when the neutrino becomes an electron.
Physicists describe this interaction by exchanging energy-carrying particles called bosons. Certain types of bosons are responsible for weak energy, electromagnetic energy, and strong balls. The weak energy charges the bosons by particles called W and Z bosons. Subatomic particles such as protons, neutrons, and electrons can exchange these bosons when they are within 10 ^ -18 meters of each other or 0.1% of the diameter of the proton. As a result, subatomic particles decay into new particles, according to Georgia State University's HyperPhysics website.
The earth is responsible for the weak energy of the nuclear fusion reactions that power the sun and produce the energy needed for most of life. Archaeologists are still struggling to gather enough evidence before reaching conclusions about the origin of the ancient fossils. Carbon-14 has six protons and eight neutrons; One of these neutrons turns into a nitrogen-14 forming proton, which has seven protons and seven neutrons. This erosion occurred at a predictable rate, allowing scientists to determine the age of such patterns.
Fundamental forces of nature: Electromagnetic force
The electromagnetic force, also called the Lorentz force, consists of charged particles such as negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons. Reverse charges attract each other, repulsing the surcharges. The more charge, the more power. And like many gravities, this energy can be felt from an infinite distance (although the energy will be very limited at a distance).
Its name suggests that electromagnetic energy consists of two parts: electrical energy and magnetic energy. At first, physicists described these energies as separate from each other, but researchers later realized that the two were components of the same energy.
There is a difference between moving and stationary charged particles of electrical material, the charges create such a field
Through which charges can affect each other. But once the speed changes, the particles begin to display a second element, magnetic force. The particles create a magnetic field around them as they move. So the wire becomes magnetic in the flow of electrons when charging the computer or phone or turning on the TV.
Electromagnetic energy is transferred to charged particles and elements through the exchange of massless, force-carrying bosons called photons. The photons that carry the alternating vehicle between charged particles, however, are different manifestations of photons. According to the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, while these are technically the same particles as the real and unreadable versions, they are virtual and exploratory.
The electromagnetic force is responsible for many phenomena: friction, elasticity, general energy, and the force required to hold a certain shape. It is also responsible for the running experience of birds, planes, and even Superman. These actions are caused by the contact of charged (or neutral) particles with each other. The general force that puts a book on the table (instead of throwing the book to the ground)
Fundamental forces of nature: The strong nuclear force
Strong nuclear energy, known as strong nuclear interaction, is the most powerful of the four fundamental forces of nature. According to the Hyperphysics website, it is 6,000 trillion trillion trillion times (which is 39 zeros after 6!) More powerful than the gravitational ball. And for this reason, it combines elementary particles to form larger particles. It holds the quarks together to form protons and neutrons, and a portion of the strong energy also holds the protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom together.
Much like weak force, the strong force is driven only when subatomic particles are very close to each other. According to the HyperPhysics website, they are within 10^-15 meters from each other or about the diameter of a proton.
The strong force is strange, because, compared to other fundamental forces, it becomes weaker as subatomic particles get closer together. According to Fermilab, when the particles are far from each other, it actually reaches maximum energy. Once in range, uncharged bosons are said to transmit strong energy between gluons, gluons, and quarks and hold them together. The remnants of a tiny fraction of a strong ball act as strong energy protons and neutrons. The protons in the nucleus resist each other due to their similar charges, but the remaining strong energy can overcome this repulsion, so the particles are bound to the nucleus of an atom.
The nature of integration
The wonder of the four fundamental forces is the manifestation of the only great power in the universe. If so, each of them should be able to blend in with the other, and this has already been proven.
Abdus Salam of Imperial College London, along with physicist Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg of Harvard University, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979 for creating the concept of an electric force ball by combining electromagnetic energy with a weak ball. Physicists aimed to find a so-called grand unified theory to define electrical energy to combine electrical energy, which the models predicted, but the researchers have not yet observed.
Physicists, however, find it difficult to integrate the microscopic world with macroscopic ones. At large and especially on the scales of astronomy, gravity dominates and is best described by Einstein's theory of general relativity. However, quantum mechanics best describes the natural world on molecular, atomic, or subatomic scales. And surprisingly, no one has yet figured out a way to combine these two things.
Physicists studying quantum gravity describe this force from the perspective of the quantum world, which can help in aggregation. The basic premise of this method is the discovery of gravity, the boson that carries the theoretical force of the gravitational ball. Gravity is the only fundamental force that physicists can currently describe without using force-carrying particles. However, because all other elementary energy descriptions require force-carrying particles, scientists hope that gravitons must be at the tribal level - researchers have not yet found these particles.
The matter is further complicated by dark matter and dark energy, which make up about 95% of the universe. It is not clear whether dark matter and dark energy, whether a single particle or a whole packet of particles has their own force and carrier boson.
The primary carrier particle of current interest is the theoretical dark photon that will interact between visible and invisible universes. If dark photons exist, they will play a role in detecting dark matter that could discover the fifth fundamental force. So far, there is no evidence for the existence of dark photons, and some studies have not provided evidence for the existence of these particles.