The Funeral of Einstein's brain

Harvey pulled Einstein's brain out of the skull. Then put it in a formalin jar. Didn't stay in Princeton Hospital for too long. Harvey brought the brain home

The Funeral of Einstein's brain

He roams the cities of the United States like a nomad. Getting married one by one. Has been doing housework for some time. Then monomalinya, separation, leaves the city to another city. Marriage, family, divorce ... then on the way again. But he never misses a wooden box, even if it blows everything away like straw. The man who can leave the illusion of home and world without any hesitation, in what fascination he has been holding a little box year after year?

Thomas Stoltz Harvey. A physician by profession. A death in 1955 changed his lifestyle. Dropped far away from normal life. In fact, death does not belong to that person. The history of science has been turned upside down by the legendary scientist Albert Einstein.

He died on April 18 of that year. Princeton Hospital in the United States. Many consider Einstein's death to be voluntary. The doctors wanted to do better by having surgery. But Einstein did not agree. Although the surgery was not as modern as it is today. So whether Einstein would have survived the operation, Joe would not have insisted. But the last attempt could have been made. That did not happen in opposition to Einstein.

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On that day, the hospital premises became crowded. Fans, journalists, cameramen pushed the crowd, and Einstein's body was invisibly taken to the morgue. Dr. was in charge of the postmortem. On Thomas Harvey. Was that postmortem yesterday for Harvey? Did he become a mental patient?

But that day he had another thought in his mind. Einstein's corpse was dissected and removed by the scientist's brain. He did it secretly. Didn't tell Einstein's family either. Without it, Einstein himself did not want so much of his body to survive on earth. For this, he asked to burn his body to ashes. The crow should not know where the ashes are being thrown, that was the instruction of the scientist. The reason is obvious.

Einstein did not like personification. So that no one could make his tomb a sacred place of worship, so that his grave would not be buried in a pile of flowers on his death or birthday, he ordered the burning. But his brain was removed without heeding that instruction. This is just theft!

Dr. Harvey did not feel so dirty intentions. What is the mold of Einstein's brain that made him unique among hundreds of millions of people? This is what Harvey wanted to verify. So he put away the most talented brain of the modern age. Einstein's son Hans Albert was furious to hear this news.

But Harvey was able to convince him that his motives were not evil. In addition, Einstein himself once agreed to do research on his brain. That is in his lifetime. One day while working with complex formulas in physics, his brain was scanned. Hair analysis goes with the scanned image. But nothing worked. The doctor did not find anything extra in Einstein's brain.

Harvey pulled the brain out of the skull. Then put it in a formalin jar. Didn't stay in Princeton Hospital for too long. Harvey brought the brain home. He kept the jar with the brain in a box in his room. Then began the journey back in Harvard's life. Rumors of his illicit affair with a nurse at Princeton Hospital surfaced. There is a lot of fuss about that. Harvey goes to work. Then the whole United States rolled up its sleeves. One wife after another has left, but he has kept the precious brain like a treasure.

1978, 23 long years have passed. In those days, Harvey was lost from the minds of ordinary people. People have forgotten about Einstein's brain. Just then a newspaper report received a response all over the world. The report was published in an anonymous magazine called New Jersey Monthly.

The author is Steven Levy, assistant editor of the magazine. He claims to have found Thomas Harvey after much searching. Einstein's brain was also found. Harvey opened a pathology business in a small town called Wichita. The place is 1200 kilometers away from New Jersey. He spoke to Harvey.

He also raised the issue of Einstein's brain. Harvey then showed him a dirty box lying in a corner of the laboratory and said that it contained Einstein's brain. He opened the box and saw the brain of the best scientist of all time dipped in a simple glass jar filled with formalin. Levi was stunned by anger, sadness, and anger.

The news caused a commotion in the scientific community. Many people want to do research on the brain of a scientist. Also contacted Levy. But in those days Harvey is lost again!

But Harvey did not leave the reporters behind. One by one the detectives went to the forest to find out when and where he was going missing. Brings up all the juicy news of Harvey's personal life.

Somewhere more important than Einstein's brain is the story of Harvey's moral decay. Einstein's brainwashing is the subject of two well-written books. Driving Mr. Albert, former editor of Outside Magazine. Caroline Abraham, a medical reporter for The Globe and Mail, wrote the book, entitled Possessing Genius.

The second book is basically an investigative report. Many people's interviews have been added to the book. In particular, people close to Einstein have come up. Attempts have been made to make a perfect analysis of why Einstein's brain is different from others.

Harvey followed the reporters. Do they want to know what he did research on Einstein's brain? What's new?

Harvey told them to be patient. He said that the world will know the charisma of Einstein's brain in time. But Harvey could not give any new information. Tried, of course. Measured, photographed. Cut into pieces. 240 pieces in the shape of sugar cubes. Most are immersed in celoidine solution.

Made some paper-thin slides, placed under a microscope for experimentation. But in the end, could not come to a conclusion. Einstein's brain was gripped for 43 long years. Then the rate obeys old age. In 1998, he returned the brain to its old place. Princeton Hospital pathologist said. Elliott handed it over to Klaus.

Then there was a lot of research on Einstein's brain. A research paper first published in 1985 in the journal Experimental Neurology. The chief researcher said. Marianne C. Diamond. With Arnold B. Skibel and Greer M. Murphy. Einstein's brain weighed 1,230 grams, they said. The average weight of the human brain is 120 grams less.

Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness. The density of nerve cells in the brain is much higher. That is why Einstein was far ahead in intellect and thought. There are also alternatives. Is this weight loss due to the contractions that occur in the tissues when immersed in formalin for a long time? Or is that not a reasonable enough explanation for this 120-gram reduction?

However, there are two types of cells in the human brain. One is neurons. Another is glycosylation. There are at least five types of glycogen. Glycogen ensures the protection of neurons from pathogens. These cells play a major role in facilitating the exchange of information between neurons. Apart from that, they can exchange signals among themselves.

Studies by Diamond, Skibel, and Murphy have shown that Einstein's brain contains a large amount of glycogen. That is the cerebral cortex. The whole brain contains nine times as many glycogens as neurons. But in the cerebral cortex, glial cells are only twice as many as neurons. The ratio of neurons to glial cells in the brain is called glial: neuron index.

Glia in the cerebral cortex: the value of the neuron index is the lowest. Comparing humans with other animals, it is seen that the value of human glia: neuron index is highest in the cerebral cortex. Diamond and his colleagues think that this is the reason why human intellect is ahead of other creatures.

The three researchers looked at the brains of 11 dead people. He compared them to Einstein's brain. As can be seen, Einstein's cerebral cortex has the highest value of the glial: neuron index. That's why Einstein's intelligence, thinking ability, and more than a dozen others.

This decision was the main theme of Diamond, Skibel, and Murphy's research papers. However, according to Rickenbach (1989) and other researchers, the thicker the cortex, the higher the glial: neuron index — although this is accurate, intelligence may not be directly related to this index.

In 1996, another study was published in the journal Neuroscience Letters. The author is a professor at the University of Alabama. Brit Anderson. He showed that the cerebral cortex area of ​​Einstein's brain was much narrower than that of others. But the number of neurons is equal to others.

This means that Einstein's cerebral cortex has a higher density of neurons. This is exactly why Anderson thinks that Einstein was ahead of others in talent. But here too there is room for doubt. This can happen as a result of staying in formalin for a long time.

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The most controversial article was published in 1999. In the British medical journal The Lancet. The author is a Canadian researcher. Sandra Wittelson and Debra Kiger. They analyzed the brains of 35 ordinary people. Einstein's brain matched them. Einstein's brain weighs much less than those brains.

But forward to another place. The researchers found two separate parts in the brains of 35 people. Parietal operculum and inferior parietal lobe. Einstein's brain has no parietal operculum! Thus, the inferior parietal lobe has gained an additional 15 percent space. There is a small groove in this lobe in everyone's brain.

That groove in Einstein's brain is smaller than others. As a result, the nerve cells inside the groove are dense and inserted. So the communication between them is very easy. This is exactly the reason why the two researchers thought that Einstein's thinking power was much sharper than others. However, three recent researchers, Fox, Lepore, and Noi (2012), have expressed doubts about Einstein's decision not to have a parietal operculum in his brain.

There is nothing to say in science. These studies are not the last word. Many people can't agree to compare Einstein's brain with only 11 or 35 normal brains. Was the scientist and mathematician Carl Frederick Gauss also less talented? If the shape of the brain had made Einstein a scientist, Gauss would have been a complete fool. His brain weight was 1 thousand 492 grams! 272 grams more than Einstein.

Other than that, it is not reasonable to make a decision about the whole brain by analyzing one or two parts. A book by BBC World Service author David Schenk has received worldwide acclaim. In that book, The Genius in All of Us, he shows that talent is not innate; Rather, man makes himself unique through his interest, effort, patience and hard work.

On May 24, 2014, another study on Einstein's brain was published by Dr. Pace, a researcher at the University of the United States. Hines. He tested Einstein's brain 28 times. From that test, it was concluded that Einstein's brain was not different from others. This latest article was published in the neuroactive section of Discover magazine.

That's why researchers are divided on Einstein's brain. How much fuss, how much research the main achievement of all this is Thomas Harvey. If Einstein hadn't dared to remove his brain without permission then, where would there be so much research, so much discussion today?

The pathologist who accompanied Einstein on a long journey to the brain died in 2007. And Einstein's brain? His address is now in the US National Museum of Health and Medicine. Harvey hid the pictures of his brain that he had taken intact before running the knife. After his death, they are now being decorated in the museum.

There are very few parts of the brain at the Mater Museum in Philadelphia. Lucy Borkie, a neuropathologist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, collected 46 slides from Harvey's then-wife. He donated some of them to the museum authorities.

Einstein conquered the world 61 years ago. But his immortality remains. Because of Harvey, his brain also remained. The incredible speed at which the science of the earth is advancing may last until the end of human civilization. A researcher hiding in the womb of the future may one day penetrate the mystery of Einstein's brain very strongly. And no matter how much he bragged about it, Harvey had to say a thank you with countless reprimands.