The telephone and the telegraph, a wonderful invention of the nineteenth century
telephone and telegraph are amazing! Today History of the Telephone and the history of the telegraph is going to be discussed! Let’s jump right into it!
What was the beginning of the technologies that we are living with today, and which it is very difficult to imagine living without? Its telephone and telegraph.
Many types of technology were incented in the nineteenth century. And these technologies are shaking the world in different colors and styles today. And welcome to this article about the early history of two life-changing technologies of the nineteenth century. And they are telephone and telegraph.
History of the telephone and telegraph
History of the Telephone:
Let's start with the telephone history facts and types of telephone. At first, an idea was put forward that the human voice could reach far, and this seemed like magic to people then.
But in 1876 a man named Alexander Graham Bell invented the 'electric wire' thing and then that thing became a reality. And thanks to this, a lot has changed. Who invented telephone? It's Alexander Graham bell.
Today we are using different types of phones, using different types of operating systems, using the internet on the phone, doing a lot more with this phone. But the voice of one man will reach so far to another that it was never even thought of.
Although Alexander Graham Bell originally invented the telephone, there has been some controversy over the matter. Because when Alexander made this device, someone named Elisha Gray invented a similar device.
And the funny thing is that both of them were able to transfer sound from one place to another with the help of electricity. But according to the commentary, Alexander Graham Bell was declared the father of the patent because he filed for the patent a few hours before Elisha Gray.
Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland. And his interest in information technology since childhood. He studied a lot about the discovery and activity of all other types of technology, including the telegraph.
He was also instrumental in improving Edison's phonograph.
He experimented with the Wright Brothers aircraft in a variety of ways and then built a device capable of flying on its own about six years later. And it is heard that he made a metal battery.
Graham bell also worked on telegraph updates before the invention of the telephone. He first tried to use the telegraph to send multiple messages at the same time via electronic signals.
Then Bell's collaborators Thomas Watson and Bell hoped they would be able to make something more advanced and efficient than the telegraph. And they also named it 'Harmonic Telegraph'.
During the making of this instrument and during various experiments, Bell and Watson noticed that different types of noise were being produced by electric wires due to different energies at different times. They built a transmitter to generate a variety of sounds (audible) by controlling the power levels of electrical wires.
A man named Gardiner Green Hubbard has been the financial backer of the entire project. And later on, become the father-in-law of Graham Bell. His daughter Mabel's marriage to Grahambell was consummated.
The day was June 2nd, 1875. Bell thought it sounded strange from his 'harmonic telegraph'. The sound that sounded like the ticking of a clock.
About 8/9 months after the incident, Graham bell designed his telephone. And the first thing he said after making the telephone was, "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you". And Mr. Watson, who was in another room, heard him say this with another similar device.
On February 14th, 1876, he applied for a patent for this telephone. Interestingly, Elisha Gray also applied on the same day. But Bell applied a few hours earlier, which led to a patent on March 7, 1876.
The first telephone line was established in Boston, in 1877. And it was associated with Somerville and Massachusetts.
Alexander Graham Bell died on 2nd August 1922 in Canada. This is the short history of telephone.
It is said that in order to pay full respect to Alexander Graham Bell, one-minute endless rings were played on all American telephones after Bell's death.
History of the Telegraph:
Why was the telegraph invented? The invention of the telegraph is said to be a milestone for the communication system. There was a time when people had some limited ways to communicate with each other and that too was very time-consuming.
With the help of some pet birds, people used to send news far and wide. Or he would send the news to another person through some messengers. Apart from these, there is no way to send the news to anyone far away.
Then came the invention of the telegraph, which was then considered a milestone in the communication system. Telegraph basically means electric telegraph.
And through this, the news was conveyed to the distant people through the signal with the help of an electrical connection. But the problem is that it would not be possible to send the news that was written in the original letter, only a message could be sent.
What was done was to convert the original message into a code, which is Morse code. The sender would then send the code to another telegraph of the customer using his telegraph device. The customer's telegraph would then receive the code again and rearrange it as a message. Telephone and telegraph are amazing technology!
The telegraph was created in the early 1800s by a German scientist named Samuel Summering. His telegraph machine worked through electrochemical processes. But the problem is that the process of constructing the telegraph and carrying messages was very complicated. It was a matter of determining the speed before the telegraph to carry the message.
Then in 1833 another honorable man, Carl Gauss, and Wilhelm Weber invented another telegraph. It could send any message within a mile and it was an electromagnetic telegraph.
And following their success, an American gentleman named Dr. David Alter invented another telegraph. But it is unfortunate that the truth is that his creation was never used commercially.
Finally, another American inventor, Samuel Morse, invented a telegraph device in a completely different form. And it basically took a different approach to communication. And at the time, many were anxious and fighting to get the telegraph patent in their own name.
But one of them has succeeded, Samuel Morse. Because the functionality of the device he made was completely different. His device used Morse code to send messages, which was kind of convenient. It would send the whole message as a series through a code. It used to express short signals with a dot (.) And long signal with a dash (-).
Why Was Morse code invented? The Morse code was originally invented by him and is named after him.
This Samuel Morse was originally a citizen of Massachusetts. It is because of his keen interest in electromagnetic matters that he has come this far. One day a message came to him that his wife was very ill, the message came through a messenger.
He was frightened by the message and went to see his sick wife. He went and saw that his wife was already dead. The message was sent to him a long time ago but it took a long time for the messenger to arrive.
He turned this grief into energy and began to think about how to get the message across in a very short time. He then studied electromagnetism and at one point he made a model of it. Later, this model played an important role in communication and was considered the best means of communication. Now telephone and telegraph are converted into more modern technology.