The Horror of Nuclear Waste and Its Management
Many believe that nuclear energy is the problem with the release of uranium from nuclear reactors. But not really. Its main problem is waste
The most efficient, hassle-free, and readily available source of energy on earth is nuclear power. Nuclear power from water, heat, solar, etc. is relatively clean and less troublesome. But that is not the only solution to nuclear power. Because atomic substances are the most toxic substances in the world.
Many believe that nuclear energy is the problem with the release of uranium from nuclear reactors. But not really. Its main problem is waste. All of the nuclear reactors currently producing energy are nuclear fission. In this method, the radioactive substances are broken down. An atom breaks down into many particles. During this reaction, a large amount of heat energy is generated. This heat is usually stored by heating the water by turning the turbine. To prevent the water from heating up and evaporating, it is necessary to cool the water.
Uranium is commonly used as nuclear material. Uranium is used for nuclear power for six to eight years. But its radioactivity remains intact for thousands of years, which is very harmful to the human body and the environment.
Now the question is, what do we do with these? The answer is very simple. Leaving nuclear waste in a place where they will be separated, they will not come close to any other substance with which the reaction takes place. Nuclear waste will remain there for hundreds of years. But the harder it is to say, the harder it is to do. In fact, no nuclear waste in the world can be stored in this way in the long run. The radioactive material remains where the waste is kept for a short period of time.
Most nuclear waste is stored in water pools. Conservation of nuclear waste in water does not result in radiation. So it is relatively affordable and easy. These pools are usually built inside a nuclear reactor. Therefore, nuclear waste is dumped in the pool as soon as it is discharged. After the radioactive waste is dumped into the water, a lot of energy is generated there. Due to this energy, the water gets heated. Separate measures are taken in the nuclear reactor to prevent water from boiling. This requires separate energy. If the power supply is cut off in any way, the water cooling pump and generator will be turned off. As a result, the water will start to heat up and the radioactive substances in the water will be radiated. This causes toxins to spread into the environment.
This is exactly what happened in Fukushima, Japan. There, the water cooling pump in the nuclear reactor became ineffective. Due to which toxic radioactive nuclear waste was spread in the environment through radiation.
If nuclear waste is cooled in a pool and stored for 10-20 years, it turns into a lump. It can then be placed in a concrete or steel container. It is not a permanent solution. It does not prevent earthquakes or tsunamis. These containers are handled by people. The lumps have to be kept safe enough and maintained. Without human observation, these waste containers can be destroyed at any time and the toxins can be radiated and spread into the environment.
Proper management is required for long-term nuclear preservation. It is much more important than the political infrastructure. It has to be supervised by technology and not by human beings and a permanent solution has to be found.
That's exactly what Finland is going to build. It is a tidy area free from natural disasters. Finland has not experienced any natural disasters that could cause any damage to its nuclear waste. Especially when there is waste 1500 feet below the ground. Arrangements are being made to store nuclear waste by digging on an island in the Baltic Sea in Finland. They are the first on earth to store this waste 1500 feet below the ground. Soon it will start accumulating nuclear waste by next year, i.e. by 2020. They will create small tunnels under the ground. Leave waste in these tunnels and fill it with clay so that no radiation can occur. It goes without saying that there is almost no possibility of waste leakage in this method. Then there will be no need for human supervision. That is a truly permanent solution.
One thing, however, can cause problems, and that is human nature. It may be that people started excavating the place thousands of years later for discovery. Then radioactive radiation can happen again from there. So we should warn future generations to avoid such areas.
Researchers say the horrors of nuclear waste need to be presented to future generations, as well as to them as an unimportant, annoying issue. By doing so, future generations may show less interest in these places. They have created a message for future generations about the horrors of nuclear waste sites that the major UN nations have translated into their own languages so that people will be aware of those sites for at least the next two thousand years.